Ennedi Natural and Cultural Reserve, nestled in the northeast of Chad, is a natural sandstone masterpiece spanning 40,000 km2 of sculpted landscape marked by cliffs, canyons and natural arches. Labelled as an Eden in the Sahara, the Reserve lies within Ennedi Massif, a large Sahara mountain massif in Chad. Ennedi Massif was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2016 for its unique natural formations and rock art that dates back 7,000 years. Ennedi Natural and Cultural Reserve area formally came under the long-term management of African Parks in partnership with the Government of the Republic of Chad in February 2018.

Despite intense poaching in recent decades exterminating most wildlife in the reserve, the remaining biodiversity in this unique landscape is remarkable. It is home to a relic population of crocodiles, over 525 plant species and at least 199 bird species which pass through on their transcontinental migratory routes.

This ancient landscape remains an important resource for two semi-nomadic groups in need of pastures and water for their livestock. Tremendous opportunity exists to transform the conservation of this life-giving landscape to support people and wildlife. Through engagement with the local population, delivery of effective management, infrastructure and law enforcement, and several significant species reintroductions, the irreplaceable cultural and natural value of this eden will be restored.

Highlights

 

  • In July 2016, Ennedi Massif was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in recognition of its unique natural formations and rock art dating back 7,000 years.
  • Ennedi is an ecological oasis home to remarkable biodiversity, including over 525 plant species; 199 bird species utilizing its migratory crossroads; a relic population of crocodiles; and mammals including Barbary sheep, Dorcas gazelle, striped hyaena and desert lynx, among others.
  • The extraordinary history of human occupation dating back to the Neolithic period is recorded through a multitude of preserved archaeological sites, consisting of engravings, rock paintings and mausoleums.
  • Located in a safe environment, Ennedi Massif is one of the most renowned and accessible sites for Saharan tourism.

 

Partners

Ennedi formally came under the long-term management of African Parks in partnership with the Government of the Republic of Chad in February 2018. Our shared long-term vision for Ennedi is to restore its natural and cultural assets, reintroducing species that lived here before, and to recreate a representation of the Sindian-Saharan and Sahelian biomes in Africa, which are no longer found anywhere else in the entire Sahel region.

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