The challenges facing Nyungwe are diverse. Illegal cross-border movements from Burundi are difficult to control, particularly given the terrain. Illegal extraction of minerals, fauna, and flora for commercial purposes are also prevalent. All of this is exacerbated by a national road transiting through the park which more easily allows illegal activities to take place.
There is also high density of people on the periphery of the park which increases incidents of human-wildlife conflict and agricultural encroachment into the park.
Initial stages after assuming management of Nyungwe will be to establish a professional ranger team to reduce illegal hunting and encroachment. It is also important to form a positive relationship with border security forces to reduce illegal crossings.
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