The presence of humans in this area dates back over 10,000 years to the Neolithic period. Today, Ennedi remains an important resource for two semi-nomadic groups in need of pastures and water for their camels, goats and sheep.
Ennedi’s profound artistic and cultural heritage is rooted in its rich history of human occupation, which dates back more than 10,000 years to the Neolithic period. Mausoleums and hundreds of engravings and rock paintings bear testament to this continuity of human presence; their illustrations depicting wildlife and environmental variation through 16 different styles and three distinct eras of rock art.
In its contemporary setting, Ennedi hosts two main semi-nomadic groups of herders who move through the Massif. The livelihoods of these groups, and the thousands of local inhabitants of the area and surrounding regions, are tied to the availability of water, pastures and other benefits emanating from this oasis. These local populations are important stakeholders in the conservation of Ennedi, and engagement with them is essential to secure its long-term protection.
Building a Constituency
Ennedi represents an important opportunity to promote community development. African Parks will be working alongside communities to integrate people in to the conservation of Ennedi, raising awareness around the reserve’s conservation value, and developing comprehensive environmental education programmes. One of our long-term goals will be to recreate a representation of the Sindian-Saharan and Sahelian biomes in Africa, which are no longer found anywhere else in the entire Sahel region
Income Generation Opportunities
The management unit of the reserve will be the largest employment provider in the region. Economic opportunities will continue to grow through the steady development of regulated tourism activities over the coming years. African Parks will initiate sustainable pastoral programmes and provide training to boost skills development with a view to encouraging conservation-led economic development.
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